Session 15

Applications in Nanotechnology

Nanoscience and nanotechnology are the study and application of extremely small things ( at the nanoscale, which is about 1 to 100 nanometers )and can be used across all the other science fields, such as chemistry, biology, physics, materials science, and engineering.Stem cell science in concert with nanotechnology has the potential to revolutionize tissue regeneration and healing outcomes. Nanotechnology allows the creation of biomaterials with unique and defined properties that mimic the extracellular matrix (ECM) in the tissue and present temporal and spatial cues to develop 3-D multi-scale complex tissue systems. This session will discuss more such applications.

Session 14

Current Research in Cell & Molecular Biology

In recent times research is being done to uncover fundamental mechanisms responsible for the stability, transmission and expression of genetic information.This session focuses on: Gene therapy, RNA interference (RNAi),Genome editing, Drug delivery, DNA synthesis , Monoclonal antibodies, Stem cell research , Cancer cell research and Genetic engineering to name a few

Session 13

Gene Expression and Regulation

Cellular and Molecular Biology methods are used to study the molecular basis of biological activity. Most commonly used methods are protein methods, immunostaining methods, nucleic acid methods. This session focuses on how these methods are used to explore cells, their characteristics, parts, and chemical processes, and pays special attention to how molecules control a cell’s activities and growth.

Session 12

Methods and Techniques in Cellular and Molecular Biology

Cellular and Molecular Biology methods are used to study the molecular basis of biological activity. Most commonly used methods are protein methods, immunostaining methods, nucleic acid methods. This session focuses on how these methods are used to explore cells, their characteristics, parts, and chemical processes, and pays special attention to how molecules control a cell’s activities and growth.

Session 11

Molecular Biochemistry

Molecular biochemistry deals with the study of chemical processes in living organisms. This session focuses on macromolecules, such as viruses, membranes or enzymes, or more specifically, their function and structure

Session 10

Molecular Medicine

A branch of medicine that develops ways to diagnose and treat disease by understanding the way genes, proteins, and other cellular molecules work. This session focuses on how certain genes, molecules, and cellular functions may become abnormal in diseases such as cancer.

Session 9

Plant Molecular Biology

Plant molecular biology is the study of the molecular basis of plant life. It is particularly concerned with the processes by which the information encoded in the genome is manifested as structures, processes and behaviours.This session will throw light on Investigation of genetic and molecular basis of biotic (diseases and insects) and abiotic (drought, cold, salt, heat, mineral deficiency) stress response mechanisms, and herbicide resistance with identification and tagging of related genes in plants

Session 8

Cellular and Gene Therapy

Gene therapy is an experimental technique that uses genes to treat or prevent disease. This session focuses on how in future, this technique may allow doctors to treat a disorder by inserting a gene into a patient’s cells instead of using drugs or surgery to treat number of diseases (including inherited disorders, some types of cancer, and certain viral infections)

Session 7

Cell Signaling Technology

Mechanisms involved in intercellular and intracellular communication have largely formed the basis of modern medical research, which is a confluence of both basic and applied research to help in the development of new drugs and improve their safety and efficacy. This session will elaborate on rapid advances in basic and clinical sciences and everything about cells and their interactions

Session 6

Tissue Engineering

Tissue engineering is the use of a combination of cells, engineering and materials methods, and suitable biochemical and physicochemical factors to improve or replace biological tissues.This session is mainly directed towards learning more about current research, applications, future prospects, ethical and legal issues involved

Session 5

Novel Stem Cell Technologies

Stem cell technology is a quickly creating field that joins the endeavours of cell researcher, geneticists, and clinicians and offers any expectation of viable treatment for an assortment of threatening and non-dangerous maladies.This session focuses on stem cells being a renewable source of replacement for cells and tissues to treat diseases including macular degeneration, spinal cord injury, stroke, burns, heart disease, diabetes, osteoarthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.

Session 4

Stem Cell Research

Stem-cell research is the area that studies the properties of stem cells and their potential use in medicine. As stem cells are the source of all tissues, understanding their properties helps in our understanding of the healthy and diseased body’s development and homeostasis. This session will extensively discuss how stem cells are created and controlled, the mechanisms by which they are regulated, and how they evolve into specialized cells.

Session 3

Biomolecular Structure and Function

The structural organization and functions of the cells are uniquely maintained by four major biomolecules namely carbohydrates,lipids, proteins and nucleic acids.This session outlines the study of cell, cell organelles, and deals with detail study of classification, structure and cellular functions of its biomolecules

Session 2

Molecular Biology

Molecular Biology is a branch of biology that deals with the structure and function of the macromolecules essential to life.This session will briefly discuss the molecular basis of biological activity between biomolecules in various systems of a cell, including the interactions between DNA, RNA, proteins and their biosynthesis, as well as the regulation of these interactions.

Session 1

Cell Biology

Cell biology is the study of cell structure and function, and it revolves around the concept that the cell is the fundamental unit of life. This session briefly discusses physiological properties, metabolic processes, signaling pathways, life cycle, chemical composition and interactions of the cell with their environment.

Session 25

Bioimaging & Bioprinting Tissues And Organs

Three dimensional (3D) bioprinting is the utilization of 3D printing and 3D printing–like techniques to combine cells, growth factors, and biomaterials to fabricate biomedical parts that maximally imitate natural tissue characteristics. Emerging innovations span from bioprinting of cells or extracellular matrix deposited into a 3D gel layer by layer to produce the desired tissue or organ. Three dimensional (3D) bioprinting utilizes the layer-by-layer method to deposit materials known as bioinks to create tissue-like structures that are later used in medical and tissue engineering fields. Currently bioprinting is used to print tissues and organs to help research drugs and pills. The recent advances in 3D printing are a testament to the promise of this technology and its profound utility in research and regenerative medicine.

Session 24

Regenerative Medicine

Regenerative medicine includes the possibility of growing tissues and organs in the laboratory and implanting them when the body cannot heal itself. If a regenerated organ’s cells would be derived from the patient’s own tissue or cells, this would potentially solve the problem of the shortage of organs available for donation, and the problem of organ transplant rejection. Some of the biomedical approaches within the field of regenerative medicine may involve the use of stem cells. Examples include the injection of stem cells or progenitor cells obtained through directed differentiation such as cell therapies; the induction of regeneration by biologically active molecules administered alone or as a secretion by infused cells like immunomodulation therapy; and transplantation of in vitro grown organs and tissues such as tissue engineering.

Session 23

Cell Science & Development

Cells consist of cytoplasm enclosed within a membrane, which contains many biomolecules such as proteins and nucleic acids. Organisms can be classified as unicellular such as consisting of a single cell; including bacteria or multicellular including plants and animals. While the number of cells in plants and animals varies from species to species, humans contain more than 10 trillion (1013) cells. Most plant and animal cells are visible only under a microscope, with dimensions between 1 and 100 micrometres. All organisms are composed of one or more cells that cells are the fundamental unit of structure and function in all living organisms, that all cells come from preexisting cells, and that all cells contain the hereditary information necessary for regulating cell functions and for transmitting information to the next generation of cell. Cells emerged on Earth at least 3.5 billion years ago.

Session 22

Cell & Gene Therapy

In the medicine field, gene therapy also called human gene transfer is the therapeutic delivery of nucleic acid into a patient’s cells as a drug to treat disease. The first attempt at modifying human DNA was performed in 1980 by Martin Cline, but the first successful nuclear gene transfer in humans, approved by the National Institutes of Health, was performed in May 1989. The first therapeutic use of gene transfer as well as the first direct insertion of human DNA into the nuclear genome was performed by French Anderson in a trial starting in September 1990. Bone marrow transplantation and organ transplants in general have been found to introduce foreign DNA into patients. Gene therapy is defined by the precision of the procedure and the intention of direct therapeutic effects.

Session 21

Regenerative Medicine

Regenerative medicine is a branch of translational research in tissue engineering and molecular biology which deals with the process of replacing, engineering or regenerating human cells, tissues or organs to restore or establish normal function. Regenerative medicine engineers the damaged tissues and organs by stimulating the body’s own repair mechanisms to functionally heal previously irreparable tissues or organs.This sessions discusses how the concepts of regenerative medicine hold the potential for augmenting organ function or repairing damaged organ or allowing regeneration of deteriorated organs and tissue as well as explore possible regenerative medicine applications in organ transplantation so that coming together of the two fields can benefit each other.

Session 20

Drug Designing and Drug Delivery

Drug design, often referred to as rational drug design or simply rational design, is the inventive process of finding new medications based on the knowledge of a biological target. Pharmaceutical drug delivery technologies enhance drug absorption, efficacy, and patient experience. Bioavailability of medications within the system can be achieved by increasing the dissolution rate with specialized drug delivery enhancement products. This session discusses the techniques, methods used in drug designing and delivery and the impotance of understanding the biology of cell in doing so

Session 19

Structural Biology

Structural biology is the study of the molecular structure and dynamics of biological macromolecules, particularly proteins and nucleic acids, and how alterations in their structures affect their function. Structural biology incorporates the principles of molecular biology, biochemistry and biophysics. Structural biology has experienced several transformative technological advances in recent years. These include: development of extremely bright X-ray sources (microfocus synchrotron beamlines and free electron lasers) and the use of electrons to extend protein crystallography to ever decreasing crystal sizes; and an increase in the resolution attainable by cryo-electron microscopy. Here we discuss the use of these techniques in general terms and highlight their application for biological systems.

Session 18

Developmental Biology

Developmental biology is the study of the process by which animals and plants grow and develop. It also encompasses the biology of regeneration, asexual reproduction, metamorphosis, and the growth and differentiation of stem cells in the adult organism In animals most development occurs in embryonic life, but it is also found in regeneration, asexual reproduction and metamorphosis, and in the growth and differentiation of stem cells in the adult organism. In plants, development occurs in embryos, during vegetative reproduction, and in the normal outgrowth of roots, shoots and flowers. This session discuses how developmental biology has helped to generate modern stem cell biology which promises a number of important practical benefits for human health.

Session 17

RDNA TECHNOLOGY

Recombinant DNA technology- joining together of DNA molecules from two different species that are inserted into a host organism to produce new genetic combinations that are of value to science, medicine, agriculture, and industry. This session outlines the products of r-DNA Technology- safety and regulatory issues , the mechanisms involved, current and future reseach prospects in the field.

Session 16

Tumour cell science

An abnormal growth of tissue resulting from uncontrolled, progressive multiplication of cells and serving no physiological function.With increased knowledge of tumor cell biology, a new era of cancer therapeutics has evolved that are vastly different from conventional cytotoxic chemotherapy.This session elaborates on how greater understanding of mechanisms of cellular proliferation, oncogenic molecular mutations, importance of tumor bed vasculature, and the intricate balance between the immune system and tumor cells has allowed for tailored therapy guided by underlying pathology.

Session 28

COVID-19

Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by a newly discovered coronavirus.
Most people who fall sick with COVID-19 will experience mild to moderate symptoms and recover without special treatment.The virus that causes COVID-19 is mainly transmitted through droplets generated when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or exhales. These droplets are too heavy to hang in the air, and quickly fall on floors or surfaces.

Session 27

Translational Medicine

Translational medicine is an interdisciplinary branch of the biomedical field supported by three main pillars such as benchside, bedside and community. The goal of translational medicine is to combine disciplines, resources, expertise, and techniques within these pillars to promote enhancements in prevention, diagnosis, and therapies. Translational medicine is a rapidly growing discipline in biomedical research and aims to expedite the discovery of new diagnostic tools and treatments by using a multi-disciplinary, highly collaborative, bench-to-bedside approach. Within public health, translational medicine is focused on ensuring that proven strategies for disease treatment and prevention are actually implemented within the community. One prevalent description of translational medicine highlights two roadblocks of distinct areas in need of improvement. The first translational block (T1) prevents basic research findings from being tested in a clinical setting; the second translational block (T2) prevents proven interventions from becoming standard practice.

Session 26

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy is a type of biological therapy, which is a type of treatment that uses substances made from living organisms to treat cancer. Several types of immunotherapy are used to treat cancer. These treatments can either help the immune system attack the cancer directly or stimulate the immune system in a more general way. Immunotherapy uses substances made by the body or in a laboratory to improve or restore immune system function. Immunotherapy is used to stop or slow the growth of cancer cells; stops cancer from spreading to other parts of the body; helps the immune system work better at destroying cancer cells. There are several types of immunotherapy which include monoclonal antibodies, non-specific immunotherapy, oncolytic virus therapy, T-cell therapy and cancer vaccines.

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