Background: Type 2 myocardial infarction (MIT2) is characterized by higher mortality rates compared to conventional type 1 infarction according to the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) in 2018. The purpose of this case is to identify appropriate therapeutic measures. A case of an Amyand’s Hernia that produced an MIT2 is described in this work.
Case Report: A 77-year-old male was admitted to our emergency department for acute abdominal pain in the right lower quadrant associated with the presence of an ipsilateral inguinal hernia with signs of peritoneal irritation, while complaining of chest pain. A positive troponin indicated the presence of myocardial infarction. A laparotomy was performed with the finding of an incarcerated right inguinoscrotal hernia that contained the gangrenous and perforated cecal appendix (Amyand hernia type 3). The treatment consisted of surgical correction of the hernia, an appendectomy, antibiotics and support in the intensive care unit with a positive outcome. The diagnosis of Amyand hernia type 3 was established intraoperatively, and by imaging, confirming the presence of an MIT2 according to the criteria of the fourth definition of ECS infarction.
Conclusion: In the surgical environment it is strange to find patients who present with acute abdominal pain and a myocardial infarction at the same time. It is necessary for the consultant to recognize these two entities to make a correct diagnosis and provide timely treatment to reduce any possibility of patient mortality
Dr. Silvia Barbosa is a physician at the Fundacion Cardioinfaltil in Bogota Colombia, She is a part of the research group of general surgery and emergency with the aim of improving and promoting the scientific development of her country and society. They are a leading hospital in Latin America and it is through science that they can get more answers every day by sharing knowledge.Her interest is to share the complexity of the human being, how two or more entities can appear in a single patient at the same time that they are different from each other but they are interconnected and our challenge is to define how to solve them all.