Endometrial regeneration is a dynamic process that is not well understood. The destruction of the endometrium with the formation of intrauterine adhesions is known as Asherman’s syndrome. The lesions range from minor to severe adhesions and their impact on pregnancy is well documented. Operative hysteroscopy is the mainstay of diagnosis and treatment of intrauterine adhesions. Nevertheless, the recurrence rates remain high. It was recorded that low-level laser therapy in low doses has a stimulatory effect on different tissues while the high dose produces a suppressive effect. Organoid is a three-dimensional assembly that displays architectures and functionalities similar to in vivo organs that are being developed from human or animal stem cells or organ-specific progenitors through a self-organization process. Our prospective was to study the effect of Low-Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) on mouse epithelial endometrial organoids regarding cell proliferation and endometrial regeneration as a new modality of treatment. An in vitro clinical trial to generate mouse epithelial organoid model and testing LLLT using He:Ne 632.8 nm device on organoids proliferation, function, and their response to ovarian hormones was performed. Trying endometrial regeneration by culturing organoids with decellularized uterine matrix (DUM) and studying the LLLT effect on the regeneration process. LLLT produced a proliferative effect on the epithelial mouse organoids confirmed by Ki67 and PCNA IHC. The organoids could regenerate the epithelial layer of the endometrium in vitro on DUM and LLLT could help in this process. In conclusion, organoids whether control or bio-stimulated proved a new modality to regenerate the endometrium.
Mona Gebril is a Researcher of Obstetrics and Gynecology in Reproductive Health department, National Research Center of Egypt. She obtained her MBBCh from Cairo University School of Medicine, then got Master degree in Obstetrics and Gynecology and PhD in Laser application in Gynecology, Cairo University. She had her Ph.D. Joint Supervision Scholarship from Culture Affairs and Mission Sector, Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research in Egypt for three years in Tokyo University Graduate School of Medicine. Her interested in endometrial physiology, receptivity and regeneration. She Succeeded to generate endometrial epithelial organoids mice model for this purpose.